Leadership in the organization:
How do leaders play a role in changing their organization? This is the question which comes on our mind when we talk about the leader’s role in any organization. It is also important to know about the leadership. This is a process by which a person persuades others to achieve an objective and also direct the organization in a way that makes it more consistent and articulate. We can also describe it as a process whereby an individual for the purpose of achieving a goal influences a group of individuals. There are many things which are related to the success of a great leader which may also involve his followers, the way of his communication and his reaction in different situations. First, the leader should know what he is going to do and what he can do. The success of the leader is directly related to the success of his followers. It means he has to work for the success of his followers as well.
Under his leadership, he has to face different people with different attitude, different understanding level, and a different mindset. For achieving a common goal different people need different treatment which is a matter of great concern to a leader of an organization. For example, an employee who is upset in his personal life needs a greater amount of attention rather an employee which is fully satisfied in his life.
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It is the responsibility of a leader to take care of his employees to get the desired result. So a leader should have a good understanding of human nature. The other thing is that a leader should be very active every time because people will often follow him. He set the examples for others and when he does things with the perfection he is able to ask his employees to perform in that way.
The influence of a leader towards an organization:
Employees’ satisfaction can be observed by finding out how much assurance or trust they have on their leaders. To win the confidence of his employees a leader needs to be personally aware of his employees and then he needs to help the employees to understand the overall business strategy of the organization. The leader has to tell them how they can contribute to achieving these objectives and how much they are important to the organization, this gives employees a lot more confidence and thinks themselves a part of the organization (Kelloway E. K., 2001).
When we talk about the direct decisions, leaders have the ability to shape the alternatives available. Vision and mission are the two variables that affect the culture of the organization by evidently focusing on what the organization thinks important and valuable. As leaders have the direct relationship with management, when they affect the vision and mission of an organization, it plays a big role in determining strategy, stating decision making and setting the climate or structure of the organization. Although the abilities or skills of a leader are of great importance, nothing can be done if your followers are not motivated or are not capable of that. Here is an example that a person is full of skill in sales is unable to sell his single product in a day the reason may be that buyers are not willing to buy. The other situation is that in which the seller with poor techniques is able to make a lot of sale in a day, here buyers which are willing can be the reason for a lot of sales.
It is important that leaders give an equal opportunity to all the employees of an organization because sometimes there is a political behavior is involved in which particular person or persons are given more importance. This can be harmful for the organization where favoritism comes and leave a bad impression on the remaining employee’s motivation.
When we talk about the power of a leader it means the ability or capacity to influence his subordinates. Positive outcomes can be produced by using this power skillfully. Leaders have different types of powers. One is the position power which is based on the level or rank of a leader within the organization. Second is the personal power which is dependent solely on his individual behavior. The leaders, who can influence the behaviors of others without having relied on force, are accepted by the people as real leaders. A leader uses different ways to influence his subordinates like giving a reward, legitimate power, coercive power, and referent power. Reward power is all about motivating employees by giving them reward on their best performance which really motivates them and forces them to take more rewards by giving more attention to their work. In coercive power, people are forced through different ways to perform the work which may involve an emotional or physical threat. The referent power is one that adds to someone based on replication, identification, and loyalty. Leaders have many influence processes that affect their organizations, whether it is a straight decision, rewards, role modeling or the distribution of resources. Leaders essentially create a mirror image of their own personal way, preferences, values, and practice by making use of these processes.