Elements of Group Dynamics

Group dynamics relates to various unseen forces occurring within a social group or between a social group. These unseen forces are behaviors and psychological processes occurring in a particular group. Group dynamics influence how a group behaves and performs (Team technology, n.d).

The study of group dynamics can be useful in understanding decision-making behavior, racism, sexism and other forms of social discriminations.

Two types of group dynamics are found. One is intragroup dynamics (refers to within-group) and other is intergroup dynamics (refers to between two or more groups) (Team technology, n.d).

Intragroup dynamics refers to the underlying processes that give rise to a set of pattern, roles, communion, and collective objectives that typify a particular social group. These groups can be political-religious, workgroups, environmental groups, sports groups, etc. The dynamics of a particular group are affected by the fact that how the boundaries of the group are defined. The groups can be further narrow down to subgroups. For instance, the residents of London can be defined as one group. However, more specifically the subgroup can be people living in Central London or East London (Griffin, 2011).

More importantly, the study of the groups on the broader levels can be termed as studying the dynamics of the culture.

Intergroup dynamics refers to the behavioral and psychological relationship between two or more groups. Inter group dynamics are related to the cognition, endowment, ideology, and behaviors towards not only for one’s own group however towards another group. At times inter group dynamics are positive and beneficial especially when some research teams re working together for the achievement of a particular assignment. However, at times the intergroup dynamics can create conflicts between the groups (Griffin, 2011).

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