Driverless Cars Outline

Autonomous vehicles: driverless cars

Description of the subject

  • Autonomous vehicles or driverless cars don’t have human drivers to control the operations. These vehicles safely operate automatically.
  • These cars combine the software and sensors to navigate, drive and control the vehicle.
  • A driverless car can guide them without any human conduction.
  • The driverless vehicle becomes the concrete reality and it may pave the way for the future systems at which computers take at the art of the driving.

Contributing technologies

  • Self-driving cars have a variety of the sensors for perceiving the surroundings like lidar, radar, odometry, inertial measurements units and a GPS system. The control system interprets the sensory information for determining the exact navigation paths.
  • Autonomous vehicles rely on the actuators, sensors, machine learning system, powerful processors and complex algorithms to execute the software.
  • The Radar sensors monitor the position of vehicles and video cameras use to detect the traffic lights, track and road signs.

Business leading development

  • There are many research companies and organizations that developed the working prototype driverless vehicles.
  • These driverless cars are making more growth opportunities for the business.
  • The car companies like BMW, Tesla and Volvo are leading in business development.

Socio-technical considerations

  • Autonomous vehicles now become a complex part of the socio-technical consideration and interact with different factors in the accepted manner (Müller & Risto, 2016).

Target consumer/audience

  • Due to the huge amount of prices for autonomous vehicles, there are fewer customers who use these driverless cars.
  • It will take more 12 years to start the autonomous vehicles and then they will be sold to the customers.

Security

  • Driverless cars are safe and it reduces the crashes and also prevents live from death or injuries (Memon & Ahmed, 2016).
  • Autonomous vehicles are not subjected to human limitations.
  • These vehicles are helpful for those who can’t drive due to old age, physical disability or diseases and it eliminates the car collisions.

Issues

  • There are issues of a quantity of the data in the real-time as 1 car use 4000 Gb in a day.
  • It has the hacking issues and also has ethical issues in the software algorithms.

Resource use

  • Self-driving cars have advanced GPS system and miles of the training data, ranging systems and light section technology that can make the system efficient and safe.

New items/new developments

  • The new development of 3D mapping will be introduced for these autonomous vehicles.
  • Advance technology of V2X by 3GPP.

References

Memon, Q., & Ahmed, M. (2016). Self-driving and driver relaxing vehicle. IEEE.

Müller, L., & Risto, M. (2016). The social behavior of autonomous vehicles.

 

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