Relationship Between Science and Religion

Topic 2

Relationship between science and religion

Part I:


Science and religion are two different domains of knowledge and contrast with each other in various manners because of their different standing points. In other words, it would not be wrong to say that both science and religion have been one of the controversial and critical subject matters, especially when it comes about dealing with the problem of origin that is creationism as well as evolution.

However, historically, the relationship between science and religion is complementary to each other, implying the fact that there is a dynamic relationship between both spheres of knowledge. However, in the past and modern life today as well, both science and religion attempted to answer various series of questions. And, therefore, they both have been identified as two significant sources of knowledge, functioning apart from each other (Sanda 2017).

What kind of enterprise is science?

The notion of science is commonly referred to as an understanding of the natural world of affairs by a humanistic approach involving scientific inquiry and tools to prove the validity or invalidity of an achieved form of knowledge. Before the 19th century, many people practised natural philosophy, which sought to study the natural world, and natural theology, which attempted to use the natural world to learn more about God.

Natural philosophy eventually gave rise to physics and science according to its modern definition.  It is worth noting that various branches of science have significant differences in their methods, e.g., physicists and chemists can perform controlled experiments. At the same time, astronomers and palaeontologists must rely on observations.

Besides, science seeks to explain the natural world.  There is some difference between the definitions of hypothesis, theory, and law, but in general, assumptions are testable statements of a narrow topic. Approaches entail several predictions that are (and have been) tested and have never been disproven (Gamwell 2015).



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