Introduction of Differential Association Theory
Table of Content
- 1 Introduction of Differential Association Theory
- 2 7 Principles of Differential Association Theory
- 3 Conclusion
The theories of criminology explain the nature and motive of criminal activity to a legal professional. These theories are focused on determining the criminal behavior and the type of criminal activity which is to be analyzed from legal perspectives.
Different domains in criminology define these theories as descriptive subjects. In this regard, several theorists have presented their ideas and thoughts at different times to further the research and material for criminology.
Accordingly, several perspectives to explore different expects of criminal behavior can be observed in various approaches explained by different criminologists (Tierney, 2013).
The theories of criminology also help in the rehabilitation of criminals as they are closely associated with social and psychological perspectives that influence the criminals.
In this regard, the most important and notable theories are the social control theory, differential association theory, and neutralization theory. However, in this essay, we will focus on differential association theory.
Edwin Sutherland presented the differential association theory in 1947. It reflects deviation in one’s behavior through interaction and social communications. This theory includes several components that determine the causes of delinquency (Taylor, 2013). It emphasizes social and psychological factors in a person’s life which led him to involve in different criminal activities.
7 Principles of Differential Association Theory
The differential association theory revolves around the concept of learning through interactions. It defines learning as a process through which a person learns some values and attitudes which lay the basis for criminal activities. However, this learning is specific, and it strictly adheres to values, attitudes, and behaviors.