SOC 319 – Data Analysis
This study was designed to observe the effects of weight on a child’s happiness, intellect, and school activeness. This was done by evaluating a self-reporting survey. This survey requested that children rate their satisfaction in the previously mentioned categories on a scale of 0-100 The factor of weight was the independent variable in this study. Each child rated themselves on the following factors; happiness, intellect and school activeness. The first hypothesis of this study was that overweight children would report lower satisfaction in happiness, intellect, and school activeness than the average weight children. The following hypothesis stated that the most active children would report greater ratings of happiness
A paired samples t- test was used comparing the happiness of the most active kids to the other least active kids. This comparison displayed significant differences t (39) =5.209, p<.05. There were extreme differences in the averages happiness of the active kids reporting (M=47.43, SD=18.61) versus the inactive kids reporting a happiness mean of (M=72.97, SD=24.51). The second comparison between the school activeness of the overweight kids and average weight kids displayed similar results; there were significant differences present t (39) =4.021, p<.05. The mean school activeness of the overweight kids were (M=48.48, SD=25.32 ) the average weight kids showed a dramatically higher school activeness rating with a mean of (M=90.37, SD=11.6).
A one-way nova analysis of weight was conducted to determine if there is a significant difference in happiness levels of the overweight, underweight, and normal weight children. A statistically significant difference in happiness was not found among any weight category of the kids. F(18,20) = 1.265, p>.001.
The anova test also indicated that there are no a significant difference in a child weight and intellect. F(18,21)=.856, p<.001. Finally the anova test showed no significant differences among weight and school activeness. F (18,21)=.514, P< .001.Average self-reporting rates of school activeness did display some differences though major differences were not found. The mean of the average weight child’s happiness was (M=90.37,SD=11.6) versus the overweight child happiness reporting at (M=32.4,Sd=20.8).
To investigate if there is a statistically significant of happiness between a child’s school activeness and, intellect because at least one of the variables is ordinal. The association between happiness and school activeness was positive, r=.295 p<.001, which means that as respondents report that the happiest kids was very active in school. The association between intellect of obese and average weight kids happiness was positive, r=.45, p<.001, which means that the kids that was overweight still applied themselves at school. R2= .295*.295=0.087 / .045*.045=0.2025
|Sum of Squares
|Obese and Average weight happiness||Between Groups||5669.879||18||314.993||1.265||.304|
|Obese and Average weight intellect||Between Groups||11093.267||18||616.293||.856||.627|
|Obese and average weight school activeness||Between Groups||5177.500||18||287.639||.514||.921|
|N||Mean||Std. Deviation||Std. Error Mean|
|Average Weight Happiness||40||72.9750||24.51320||3.87588|
|Average weight intellect||40||4.00||100.00||56.4250||24.13625|
|Valid N (listwise)||38|
|Obese school activeness||40||17.00||92.00||47.4250||18.60919|
|Overweight school activeness||40||13.00||100.00||48.4750||25.32353|
|Underweight school activeness||40||21.00||100.00||62.3500||23.70930|
|Average weight activeness||40||.00||100.00||72.9750||24.51320|
|Valid N (listwise)||40|
|Model||Unstandardized Coefficients||Standardized Coefficients||t||Sig.|
|Obese and Average weight intellect||.045||.202||.038||.223||.824|
|Average weight activeness||.295||.139||.362||2.118||.041|
|a. Dependent Variable: Rate the following question 1-100 with 1 being very low and 100 being very high. Happiness|